Meniere’s Disease (MD) is a disease of the inner ear which has three main characteristics: Hearing loss, tinnitus, and dizziness. This is a result of an increased amount of fluid in the inner ear. Although the definite cause of MD is unknown, associated factors include: Viral Infections, Immune Disorders, Improper drainage and genetic links.
A diagnosis of Meniere’s Disease has specific requirements:
- Low frequency hearing loss, identified via a hearing test
- Ringing or fullness in the ear(s)
- Two episodes of vertigo/dizziness, each lasting for at least 20 minutes, but less than 12 hours
- All other known causes of above symptoms ruled out
Although there is currently no cure for MD, treatments are available to manage the condition:
- Motion sickness medications, i.e. Meclizine or Valium to reduce vertigo symptoms
- Anti-nausea medications to reduce symptoms associated with vertigo
- Physical Therapy to improve your balance and reduce the intensity of dizziness
- Hearing Aid’s are often beneficial in the affected ear
If symptoms continue to worsen at an above average rate, despite noninvasive interventions, further treatments are available. These include steroid injections, antibiotic injections and surgery.